This paper explores the relationship between national institutional archetypes and investments in training and development. A recent trend within the literature on comparative capitalism has been to explore the nature and extent of heterogeneity within the coordinated market economies (CMEs) of Europe. Based on a review of the existing comparative literature on training and development, and comparative firm level survey evidence of differences in training and development practices, we both support and critique existing country clusters (Whitley, 1999; La Porta et al, 1999; Amable, 2003) and argue for a more nuanced and flexible categorization.
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